Title: CUPA-HR 2021 Faculty in Higher Education Annual Report
Author: Jacqueline Bichsel, Melissa Fuesting, Sarah Nadel-Hawthorne, Anthony Schmidt
The College and University Professional Association of Human Resources (CUPA-HR) released a new report that provides insight into faculty by instructional program, tenure type, and rank. The annual report also includes data on faculty demographic information on sex, race/ethnicity, age, and salary. Given the impact of COVID-19 on higher education funding, the 2021 survey captured changes to faculty size and salaries over this past year. This year’s survey covered a total of 263,721 full-time faculty positions and 57,190 adjunct faculty across 793 institutions. Among full-time faculty, 9,579 faculty served as department heads/chairs. Below are some of the key findings from the survey analysis:
- Overall, the proportions of faculty across faculty ranks have remained the same.
- Faculty across all ranks and institution types suffered job losses with adjunct faculty experiencing a greater loss of a near 5 percent reduction in the workforce over the last year.
- Leisure and recreational activities, and library science were the two disciplines with the greatest percentage loss of full-time faculty, while business, management, and marketing, and biological and biomedical sciences were the two disciplines with the greatest numerical loss in faculty numbers.
- The overall median salary increase for full-time faculty was the lowest since 2010, with only a 0.69 percent increase from 2019-20 to 2020-21.
- Women and people of color were less represented with increases in rank among tenure-track faculty, a consistent trend that has occurred for some time.
- Adjunct faculty pay differed by institution type, with the highest pay among those at doctoral institutions ($1,288) and the lowest pay at associate institutions ($917). This was due in part to the institutional structures around adjunct faculty at each institution type.
To explore findings and methodological information about the report and survey, please click here.